GENERAL INFORMATION ON INFRASTRUCTURE AND INTERNATIONAL CONNECTIVITY IN MOSCOW
Moscow is served by three international airports: Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo. All the Moscow airports carrying out international flights have a branched out infrastructure: information terminals, a modern system of checking in, comfortable halls. Closest to the center of Moscow and the only existing airport, situated in the city, is Vnukovo airport. Based at Sheremetyevo is the largest Russian airline - Aeroflot. Meanwhile, the Domodedovo airport is the youngest and largest airport in Russia, the busiest of the Moscow airports, and one of the best airports in Eastern Europe. All three airports have been reconstructed recently and meet the international requirements on comfort and sefety. According to the statistics, Moscow airports serve more than 51 million passengers a year. There is a rapid- transport AeroExpress which takes passengers to the city center every 30 minutes from every international airport.
Internal and external rail transportation in Russia is carried out by “RZD”. Passenger trains depart to 19 countries across Europe and Asia, and now combined with new routes (Moscow — Munich, Moscow — Amsterdam, Moscow — Paris and Moscow — Basel) trains and through-coaches of “RZD” serve 56 international routes and are operated by the Russian railways, and railways of Poland, Germany, France, Czech Republic, Finland, Mongolia, China, and North Korea.
In Moscow there are 9 railway stations located in different parts of the city — Belorussky, Kazansky, Kievsky, Kursky, Leningradsky, Paveletsky, Rizhsky, Savelovsky, Yaroslavlsky. All Moscow stations, and especially the international ones, have a well developed infrastructure.
Buses to Europe from the Russian capital depart from the Aerovokzal to Austria, Belgium, Italy, France, Germany and other European countries, from Rizhsky rail terminal to the Baltic countries and Poland and from the bus terminal near Tyopliy Stan metro station to different cities within Germany.
Presently international bus transportation travel to over 1500 destinations. Comfortable buses of Russian transport companies and well-known European bus companies operating in the Russian market take their passengers to the largest cities of France, Germany, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Great Britain and Switzerland on a daily basis.
Taxis may be booked by phone or on the Internet. In any search engine one may find many taxi companies, most of them offer fixed tariffs for travel to airports and train stations. Special tariffs apply for meeting clients at airports or train stations, is recommended to place an order in advance.
Inner-city public transportation
High-speed transport in Moscow is represented by one of the world's largest subway systems, a monorail line, as well as a railroad. The main type of out-street transport in Moscow is the Moscow Metro (Subway), every day carrying an average of 7.1 million passengers. Moscow Metro has 12 lines with a total length of 312,9 km double-track lines and 188 stations.
Overground public transport in Moscow is represented by bus, trolley bus, tram and shuttle. The main operator of urban passenger transport, comprising bus, trolleybus and tram is Mosgortrans. Mosgortrans, carrying about 1.85 billion passengers a year, is one of the world's largest transportation companies.